Using Contracts when Exporting
Check the Local Laws
Before entering into an agreement with an agent or distributor overseas, you need to do some research on the law in the territory where he or she is based. In some countries, for example, there are rules that require agency agreements to be registered with a Government department or that stipulate only nationals of the country can become an agent of a foreign supplier.
So, before signing anything, get some local legal advice early on to cover:
- Who is entitled to act as an Agent? – is this confined to a national or company owned by nationals of the State or can a foreigner act as your agent?
- What are the basic legal rights of the Agent and the Principal?
- What are the rules concerning termination of the Agency?
- Are there any registration procedures?
- Does the law distinguish between agents and distributors? In Europe, the rules only apply to agents but in some countries of the Middle East, the distinction is blurred and a distributor might have the same termination rights as an agent.
You might think that the issues mentioned above can be avoided, if you say English law will govern the agreement with your agent. Unfortunately, it is not so simple and the local courts or even the legislation may take a different view.
This is an extract from the Exporting Made Easy book by Simon Bedford and Giles Dixon.