Automotive Sector In Kenya

Kenya’s automotive retail and distribution sector is rapidly expanding due to infrastructure development, increasing incomes and access to credit facilities.

Market overview

Kenya, the economic, commercial, and logistical hub of the entire East African region and the most developed economy in Eastern Africa, is growing rapidly. The economy grew by 5.3% in the year 2012 and is projected to reach 10% growth by 2017 as the government takes steps to enhance Kenya’s economic competitiveness. The Automotive industry in Kenya is primarily involved in the retail and distribution of motor vehicles.

There are a number of motor vehicle dealers operating in the country, with the most established being Toyota (East Africa), Cooper Motor Corporation (CMC), General Motors (GM), Simba Colt and DT Dobie with Honda Motors establishing operations in Kenya in January 2013 as Division of TransAfrica Motors (TAM) which is a Dubai based company representing commercial vehicle franchises in Kenya. There are also four vehicle assembly plants in the country, which concentrate on the assembly of pick-ups and heavy commercial vehicles. 98% of all goods imported into Kenya through the Port of Mombasa and major International Airports in the country are transported by road. The growing middle class is also driving this sector with demand for small cars and major franchises’ have been set up to meet the demand, but are facing major competition from imported vehicles from Europe and far East countries by second hand car dealers.

The established dealers face intense competition from imported second-hand vehicles, mainly from Japan and United Arab Emirates. These imports now account for about 70% of the market. The last decade witnessed a significant decline in the number of new vehicles sold in the country. There has been a steady recovery in the last four years, but the numbers achieved still fall far short of the numbers recorded a decade ago. The slump in the volume of new cars sold is attributable to the increased competition from second hand vehicles and the depressed economic environment. The Kenya Motor Industry Association (KMI), the representative body of the corporate participants in the motor industry, has been lobbying hard to reverse this trend.

According to data from the KMI, growth in the agriculture, manufacturing and trade sectors is driving demand for pick-up trucks, which accounted for 35% of total vehicle sales in the nine-month period. Sales of heavy commercial vehicles still account for 26.8% of the market, behind pick-ups. We also believe that construction projects in the region will fuel sales in the heavier segments over our forecast period.

Further growth in Kenya’s construction sector is forecast over the next two years by BMI’s Infrastructure team, supporting the favourable conditions for the commercial vehicle segment. The government has development plans with a total cost of US$22bn that include significant improvements to roads, railways, seaports, airports, water, sanitation and telecommunications. According to the government, Kenya is focusing on these in the hope of attracting, accelerating and retaining investors who often complain its dilapidated facilities increase the cost of doing business, rendering Kenya’s products uncompetitive in the global market.

Kenya Facts and Figures 2012

Fig 1: Registration of motor vehicles

Type of vehicle

2008

2009

2010

2011*

Saloon Cars

18,686

16,930

16,165

11,026

Station Wagon

24,747

27,599

37,553

31,199

Panel Vans, pick-ups etc

8,983

7,120

6,975

7,442

Lorries/ Trucks

6,691

6,037

4,924

5,247

Buses and Coaches

1,243

1,057

1,264

1,662

Mini buses

5,206

4,483

3,600

451

Trailers

2,100

2,883

2,379

2,556

Wheeled tractors

1,262

1,115

1,161

1,179

Motor and auto cycles

51,412

91,151

117,266

140,215

Three Wheelers

Others

704

797

863

2,575

1,521

3,648

2,140

2,724

Total Units Registered

121,831

161,813

196,456

205,841

Source: Kenya Revenue Authority

Key opportunities

There are investment opportunities in assembling of motor vehicle components. There is a big market for vehicles in the East Africa Community and COMESA regions. Currently there are several multinational vehicle manufacturers who have setup workshops to assemble Knocked Down Units (KDU) reducing the costs involved in importing whole units in to the country.

Kenya Railways has plans to develop a concept which is aimed at establishment of a dry dock port and a car bazaar on a 100 acre piece of land at Voi, 100km from the port of Mombasa. The features of the proposed car bazaar will include: storage and clearing facilities for imported vehicles, facilities to store and sell cars to prospective customers and support facilities/amenities e.g. offices, banks, hotel and restaurants. Kenya Railways is currently inviting potential investors for the development of this vehicle bazaar.

There are various opportunities in the automotive sector in Kenya. The 16th Auto Expo Africa 2013 which is held at Kenyatta International Conference Centre (KICC) Nairobi every year showcases all prospects within the Industry and is scheduled to take place in 29th April – 1st May 2013.

Latest export opportunities in the automotive sector

Latest export opportunities in Kenya

Getting into the market

Identifying a local distributor or franchise that purchase and sell vehicles from the UK would be the best market entry strategy. Product representation is crucial for effective market coverage. This representation may be achieved through one or a combination of the following methods:

  • Establishing a local representative/distributor.

  • Selling through an agent or distributor who can cover the entire region, including the neighbouring countries of East Africa.

  • Selling through established dealers.

  • Establishing a dealership (especially common for big-ticket items).

Technical and regulatory standards are managed by Kenya Bureau of Standards (KEBS). The Pre-export verification of conformity (PVoC) is based on Article 5 of WTO-TBT agreement, managed by KEBS on behalf of the Kenya Government concerning goods exported to Kenya. PVoC’s are carried out by verification agents appointed by KEBS. The overall objective is to minimize the risk of unsafe and substandard goods entering Kenyan market, thus ensuring health, safety and environmental protection for Kenyans.

It is advisable to seek legal and economical advice on doing business in Kenya.

More about doing business in Kenya

Contacts

Market intelligence is critical when doing business overseas, and UKTI can provide bespoke market research and support during overseas visits through our chargeable Overseas Market Introduction Service (OMIS).

To commission research or for general advice about the market, get in touch with our specialists in country – or contact your local international trade team.

Contact your local international trade team

UKTI Events

UKTI runs a range of events for exporters, including seminars in the UK, trade missions to overseas markets and support for attendance at overseas trade shows.

Latest events in the Automotive sector

Major Events

16th Auto Expo Africa 2013

29th April – 1st May 2013

Kenyatta International Conference Centre (KICC) Nairobi

http://www.expogr.com/kenyaauto/index.php

Useful links

More about OMIS and other UKTI services for exporters

Sectors: Automotive
Countries: Kenya
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